Transportation

Transportation

Efficient Transportation options and high connectivity help us access what we need in enjoyable ways

Existing Transit

  • The Ford Site is located along four major bus routes (84, 74, 46, 23)
  • The Ford Site is just over one mile from the 46th street light rail transit (LRT) station
  • The site has preexisting rail infrastructure running (roughly) along 7th St. W into St. Paul

Site Goals

  • Support existing Metro Transit (four bus routes and LRT)
  • Produce high demand for a bus route deviation through the site, increasing total ridership in the headway and metro transit revenue.
  • Support walk- and bike-ability
  • Consider the effects of parking and area dedicated to the right of way for vehicles
  • Support a “transit triangle” scenario, in which there is a corridor running the site’s existing rail infrastructure, connecting Central and Hiawatha lines.
  • Reduce vehicle miles traveled (VMT)
  • Reduce carbon emissions
  • Provide public transit onsite with street cars, as a quieter and cheaper mode of transportation than LRT

Site Specifics

  • ARISE supports existing Metro Transit and creates high demand for route deviations through the Ford Site and added service. We cite population and employment density, the two most commonly used figures to predict bus ridership (Benn, 1995).
    • High population density
    • High employment density
      • Based on acreages and residential density estimates: 1860 residents, 8817 residents/mile2
      • Based on square footage of industrial and commercial space: 3130 workers, 14853 workers/mile2 (compared to surrounding area 4388 residents/mile2
    • Multiplier effects create jobs in community further boosting demand
  • ARISE supports walk- and bike-ability, walking commutes
    • Emphasis on green and open space
    • Dedicated Walking/Biking routes
    • Curved streets to reduce vehicle speed
    • Commercial property emphasizing storefront activity
    • Quick Access to Mississippi River bike trails and near Midtown Greenway
  • ARISE provides adequate but not excess parking under industrial space

ARISE focuses on creating a transit-oriented community to ensure accessibility of resources on and off site, to promote affordability of living, and to lower carbon impact

The profiles below contribute to the estimation of reduced VMT, reduced gasoline consumption and thus reduced carbon emissions for workers’ commutes on and off the Ford Site.

ARISE “Transit Triangle” Scenario

Transit Type Percentage Using
Drive 68.2%
Public Transit 18.4%
Walk, Bike, Work from home/on site 13.4%

Current St. Paul Commute

Transit Type Percentage Using
Drive 82%
Public Transit 9%
Walk, Bike, etc 7%
Work from home/on site 3%

ARISE Scenario without “Transit Triangle”

Transit Type Percentage Using
Drive 75%
Public Transit 13%
Walk, Bike, Work from home/on site 12%

To run these numbers and attain estimates of reduced carbon emissions, several assumptions need to be made. They are as follows:

  • 64.5% of residents of the Ford Site work (BLS, 2010)
  • 50% of those residents who work, do so on site
  • Average commute in Minneapolis/St. Paul is 24.53 miles (BTS, 2000)
  • Average worker works 260 days a year
  • Average miles per gallon per car is 22.16 mpg (1/22.16 gallons per mile) (CRPD, 2009)
  • A gallon of consumed gasoline produces 19.4 lbs of CO2 (EPA, 2005).

Breakdown of commutes to or from the ARISE Site

Total Working
Residents
Percent of working
residents who
work on site
Percent of working
residents who
commute off site
Number of workers
commuting from
offsite
Number of workers who
commute
(64.5%)*1860
residents
= 1200 workers
(50%)* 1200
workers
= 600 workers
(50%) *1200
workers
= 600 workers
3133 total
workers – 600
onsite workers
= 2533 workers
2533 workers +
600 workers =
3133 commuters

Number of commuters who drive

Current Saint Paul Scenario (82% Drive) (82%)*(3133 commuters) = 2569 drivers
ARISE Scenario without “Transit Triangle” (75% Drive) (75%)*(3133 commuters) = 2349 drivers
ARISE with “Transit Triangle” (68.2% Drive) (68.2%)*(3133 commuters) = 2136 drivers

Daily VMT

Drivers 2569
(82%)
2349
(75%)
2136
(68.2%)
Multiplier Used
VMT Daily 63,018 57621 52396 Average MSP commute of 24.53 miles
Annual Net VMT 16,384,680 14,981,460 13,622,981 260 work days/year

CO2 emissions and gasoline consumed

Annual Net VMT 16,384,680 14,981,460 13,622,981 Multiplier Used
Annual Gallons Used 739381 676059 614755 1/(22.16mpg); MSP gallons per mile
Annual CO2 emitted (lbs.) 14,343,991 13,115,535 11,926,247 19.4 lbs COper gallon of gas

These figures display the possibilities to reduce carbon and create a neighborhood focused on using transit oriented development to responsibly consume gasoline. While these figures are hypothetical, they estimate the gains that can be made annually by developing the Ford Site in an environmentally conscious way.